The companion website to:

The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook (2nd edition)

Welcome To McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook
  • Contents
    • Section I
      Terrorist and Criminal Threats
      • Chapter 1 - The Legacy of Osama bin Laden’s Strategy
      • Chapter 2 - The Terrorist Threat to Surface Transportation: The Challenge of Securing Public Places
      • Chapter 3 - Geostrategy of Criminality: Highly Intensive Criminality
      • Chapter 4 - The Psychology of Terrorism: Current Understanding and Vital Next Steps
      • Chapter 5 - Twenty-First Century Biological Threats
    • Section II
      Policy, Governance, and Legal Responses
      • Chapter 6 - Homeland Security’s National Strategic Position: Goals, Objectives, Measures, and Assessment
      • Chapter 7 - Prosecuting the Financiers of Terrorism
      • Chapter 8 - Counterterrorism Legislation
      • Chapter 9 - Intelligency and Information Sharing for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism
      • Chapter 10 - Information Sharing Planning Policy to Support Homeland Security Missions
    • Section III
      Interoperability, Information Sharing, and Collaboration
      • Chapter 11 - Why We Fail—and How to Succeed: The 25 Pearl Harbor Deficiencies of Leadership and Planning
      • Chapter 12 - Managing Information Flow for Results: Good and Bad Information Sharing Practices and the Path to Improvement
      • Chapter 13 - The Information Sharing Environment
      • Chapter 14 - Fusion Centers: Touchpoints that Promote National Preparedness and Intelligence-led Policing
      • Chapter 15 - The Necessity of Interagency Collaboration
    • Section IV
      Risk Management, Decision Making, and Communication
      • Chapter 16 - Integrating Risk Management with Security and Antiterrorism Resource Allocation Decision Making
      • Chapter 17 - Pervasive Readiness: Pipedream or Possible?
      • Chapter 18 - The Psychological Perception of Risk
      • Chapter 19 - The National Terrorism Advisory System
    • Section V
      Protecting Critical Infrastructure
      • Chapter 20 - Critical Infrastructure and Interdependency Revisited
      • Chapter 21 - Homeland Security for Drinking Water and Wastewater Utilities
      • Chapter 22 - Civil Aviation Security: On the Ground and in the Air
      • Chapter 23 - Creating Disaster Resilient Regions through Whole Community Engagement
    • Section VI
      Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management
      • Chapter 24 - Learning from History: The Evolution of Emergency Management in the United States
      • Chapter 25 - A City Once Underwater: Lessons Learned and the Story of the New Orleans Evacuation Plan
      • Chapter 26 - From Response to Resilience: State Emergency Preparedness Priorities
      • Chapter 27 - Emergency Response: An Overview
      • Chapter 28 - Understanding and Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism
      • Chapter 29 - Crisis Preparedness and Crisis Response: The Meta-Leadership Model and Method
      • Chapter 30 - Advice in Crisis: Leaders, Lawyers, and the Art of Disaster Management
    • Section VII
      Private Sector Security, and Resilience
      • Chapter 31 - Role of Corporate Security
      • Chapter 32 - Corporate Emergency Management
      • Chapter 33 - Operational Resilience for Private and Public Sector Organizations
      • Chapter 34 - Building a Resilient Nation
      • Chapter 35 - The Community Resilience System: Operationalizing a Whole Community Approach
      • Chapter 36 - Collaboration not Isolation: A Joint Approach to Business Continuity and Resilience
    • Section VIII
      Thinking, Education, and Training
      • Chapter 37 - Systems Thinking and Homeland Security
      • Chapter 38 - Perceptual Framing of Homeland Security
      • Chapter 39 - Emergency Exercise Design Principles and Objectives
      • Chapter 40 - Higher Education in Homeland Security: Current State and Future Trends
    • Section IX
      Science and Technology
      • Chapter 41 - Information Technology and Information Sharing
      • Chapter 42 - GIS Technology for Public Safety, Emergency Management and Homeland Security
      • Chapter 43 - Technology Foraging: A Novel Approach to Technology Problem Solving within the DHS Science and Technology Directorate
      • Chapter 44 - Social Media and Crowdsourcing to Help Disaster Management
      • Chapter 45 - EIS: Goals, Progress, and Challenges for the Unified Incident Command and Decision Support National Middleware
      • Chapter 46 - Homeland Security Technology Business Challenges
      • Chapter 47 - Vigilance on Two Fronts: Civil Liberties and the Homeland Security Professional
      • Chapter 48 - Government Data Mining
    • Section X
      Civil Liberties and Other Legal Issues
    • Section XI
      International Challenges and Approaches
      • Chapter 49 - The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)
      • Chapter 50 - International Approaches to Homeland Security
      • Chapter 51 - ISO Security Management Standards
      • Chapter 52 - Why Fukishima was Preventable
      • Chapter 53 - Whole-of-Society Disaster Resilience: The Swedish Way
      • Chapter 54 - Evolution of Counterterrorism in India
      • Chapter 55 - 156 Chileans Dead: How the Impact of the 2010 Tsunami Could Have Been Minimized
      • Chapter 56 - International Cooperation in Counterterrorism

Whole-of-Society Disaster Resilience: The Swedish Way Helena Lindberg

Helena Lindberg
Director General, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Bengt Sundelius
Professor of Government, Swedish National Defense College

 

Introduction

After the 9/11 terror attacks in 2001 in the United States it became clear to the world that a new national security paradigm was needed. Gone was the era when a strong military capacity could be the primary resource to defend territorial borders and protect the well-being of a nation’s citizens, property, or critical functions. This was reinforced by the terror bombings in Madrid (2004) and London (2005). More recent events such as the massive volcanic ash cloud from Iceland (2010) and the earthquake in combination with tsunami in Japan displayed our vulnerabilities to disruption and destruction. Further- more, it showed that another significant trend, globalization, has brought intended, but also unforeseen coupling of systems that have created high levels of interdependence and new vulnerabilities.


Sweden has also had to recover from several dramatic security challenges in recent years. In 2004 over 500 Swedish citizens died in the waves of the tsunami in Southeast Asia. During the suddenly escalating Lebanon conflict of 2006 over 8000 citizens were hastily, but successfully, evacuated out of harm’s way. Days before Christmas 2010 the first suicide bomber in the Nordic region, luckily prematurely, exploded his bomb near a crowded shopping street in the city center of Stockholm. Our neighbor, Norway, experienced a terrible mass murder in July 2011 undertaken by a solo terrorist.


One fundamental element of good governance is the responsibility to be able to manage everyday accidents and emergen- cies, but also to build the capacity to prevent, manage and recover from complex mega-disasters. So-called “Black Swan” events that are surprising and consequential can be expected to appear in Sweden and in other nations, and in many colors, in the future.

 

References


Taleb, N. Nassim, (2007) The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable. Random House, New York.


A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management: Principles, Themes, and Pathways for Action.

FDOC 104-008-1 / December 2011. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).